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Abstract


WESTERNIZATION, RELIGION AND TRADITION İN THE OTTOMAN MEDIA

Westernization movement in the Ottomans took place only in military fields until the Tanzimat Period. With the Tanzimat Edict, there have been changes in social and political life, Ottoman culture has come across with a new dimension and the media of that day has taken its place as one of the main actors of this interaction. Many of the Ottoman intellectuals admired the West and compared Europe with their own communities. They kept the institutions, organizations and lifestyles there and kept them on the agenda. The biggest obstacle to the imposition of Westernization, which had spread rapidly and influenced some of the Ottoman state's influential and influential subjects, was the phenomenon of “Religion“. According to the opinion of the people who were in this view, the religion, tradition and culture of the Ottoman Empire would lose its influence with this Westernization movement coming down from the top and the media pressure that assumed its cry. Since Westernization initiatives are often carried out either by Western pressures or indirect pressures, their results coincide with their interests when viewed, affecting the internal dynamics of society, not towards development, but towards deterioration and decline. In addition, the minorities, who possessed the media and wealth at the time, also acted as the protector and representative of Western interests in political, economic and cultural terms.



Keywords
Westernization, Ottoman Media, Press, Religion, Tradition.



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