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Abstract


COST ELEMENTS IN BEEKEEPING

Beekeeping activity, which has been going on since the existence of humanity, has emerged as an agricultural activity where daily food needs are met. Over time, many products provided by bees have started to increase in value in terms of economic aspects. Today, beekeeping is a mean of nutrition, on the other hand, it is also an important economic activity for the solution of unemployment and productivity of plants. The economic elements of beekeeping are measured by the difference between input and output prices. The continuity of the beekeeping activity is possible as long as the difference between these elements is always positive. In this study, it was aimed to determine the profit and loss of a producer, whose beekeeping activity started with 30 colonies, for 5 years, and the profit and loss of a producer who started with 30 colonies and increased 10 colonies every year, at the end of 5 years. In the study, it was assumed that the number of hives remained the same, the honey prices increased by 5% and the material prices increased by 10% each year, and 300 TL was kept as amortization annually, and the annual yield of honey was 13.31 on average. In the light of all these data, an enterprise that started beekeeping with 30 colonies and did not increase the amount of honey it produces can make a total profit of 11.978,60 TL at the end of 5 years. Assuming that the number of colonies increases 10 hives each year, the enterprise can produce 4392,3 kg of honey and the total profit can reach 51.705,34 TL at the end of 5 years. According to these findings, colony owners should, to minimize cost and maximize profit, firstly increase the number of colonies, then decrease their constant investment expenses in the long run, increase the yield of honey per colony working with young and healthy colonies, benefit from nectar flow periods and diversify their beekeeping products.



Keywords
Colony, Cost, Honey, Depreciation



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