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Abstract


A GENERAL OVERVIEW ON THE STATE OF ANTAKYA IN THE PERIOD OF BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC RULES BEFORE THE CRUSADES

In this article, the situation of Antakya during the Byzantine and Islamic rule before the Crusades (between the XI. - XIII. Centuries) has been discussed in general terms. Antakya and its region, where the roads coming from Anatolia, Syria and Mesopotamia intersect, have maintained its importance in almost every period of history because it is a region where intense political, economic and cultural contacts are experienced between the Western and Eastern worlds. However, due to its favorable geographical location, it has attracted the attention of the powers that want to consolidate its dominance in the Near East, and has been dominated by these powers from time to time. In addition to being an important international commercial center, Antakya also became an important religious center with the role it played during the emergence and spread of Christianity; It also participated in the theological debates on the Christian faith as a separate school. In addition, its proximity to the "Holy Land" and Jerusalem has increased the importance of the city not only religiously but also militarily and politically as seen during the Crusades. For this reason, Antakya has been one of the most important targets of the Crusaders from the very beginning.



Keywords
Antioch, Crusades, Byzantine, Islam, Holy Land, Jerusalem.



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