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Abstract


CONSTRUCTIVISIM AS A POST MODERN THEORY: ITS PHILOSOPHY, ACCEPTANCE AND USE IN SOCIAL WORK

Although constructivism is a relatively new approach to social work, it reflects the principles and concepts of many theories such as the ecological approach, system approach and empowerment approach that are based on the knowledge of social work. It is seen that this approach, which is essentially used in arts, mathematics, literature, philosophy, social and behavioral sciences, has many common aspects that overlap with the basic assumptions of social work. In constructivism, which includes the epistemological perspective that individuals create their realities because of their interactions with their environment, there is an understanding that individuals tend to interpret events on the basis of their cognitive schemes in these interactions. The ecological view that deals with the individual in social work within its environment indicates the importance of the environment in forming the realities of the clients. In this context, constructivism is an approach suitable for environmental-cognitive structure analysis that stands out in social work. It is seen that there are fewer studies involving the use of postmodern theories in the social work literature in our country. For this reason, this article, which aims to contribute to the knowledge base of social work, explains the historical and philosophical processes of constructivism theory, one of the postmodern approaches, and its use in social work.



Keywords
Postmodernism, Constructivism, Social Work



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