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Abstract


THE COMPARATİVE ANALYSİS OF NATİONAL CYBER SECURİTY POLİCİES: UNITED STATES, UNITED KINGDOM AND TURKEY EXAMPLES

Information communication technologies exhibit a continuous and rapid development. This rapid change has gained more momentum in recent years. Therefore, new concepts such as cyber space that were accepted as utopian in the past have entered our lives. Today, it has become a concept that is in the center of our lives. As a matter of fact, this concept caused the distance between continents to become meaningless. Moreover, it has made serious contributions to globalization. With the increase in the current functions and size of the cyber space, this area has become more fragile and vulnerable. Therefore, it causes both the cyber space to be exposed to various attacks and the people using this cyber space to commit crimes in the classical sense more easily. However, with the transfer of both private and public institutions' services to electronic media, individuals have become dependent on these technologies both in their private and working lives. As a matter of fact, malicious individuals, groups or hostile countries who want to take advantage of this addiction engage in activities to abuse these cyber spaces. In this study, the United States, Britain and Turkey's national cyber security policies are attempting to perform a comparative analysis. A set of criteria developed by various international organizations regarding cyber security policies or strategies are grouped more comprehensively and systematically within the scope of this study. All political and strategic approaches of countries towards cyber security are analyzed with six basic comparison criteria. Based on the results of comparisons it has been made in a variety of implications for Turkey's cyber security policy. However, due to the nature of cyber security and the continuous change in cyber attack and cybercrime techniques; It is very difficult to predict whether the proposed policy implications will be decisive. Indeed inferences to be made for Turkey Turkey's social, cultural and legal structure has been tried to be respected. Considering all these criteria, it has been tried to determine the policies of a management structure based on effective communication between institutions in order to provide effective cyber security. It can be argued that the findings have very important implications for policy makers, public and private institution managers.



Keywords
Public Policy Analysis, Cyber Security Policy, Strategic Plan



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