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Abstract


THE IMPORTANCE OF ANCIENT AGE AMPHORES IN FOOD PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY

Amphora, which means two-handled vessel, is a terracotta vessel with a wide belly, a pointed bottom or a wide base, used in ancient times and today in different types and forms. The earliest examples are found in Western Anatolia and some islands of the Aegean from the Early Bronze Age and in the ancient city of Troy, amphoras, which are thought to date back to the 3.000 B.C., are very important antique packaging type used for food preservation. In this study, amphoras were compared with fire bricks and ceramic glaze materials with chemical structure similarities (SiO2 and AI2O3, Fe2O3, CaO and MgO), showing sensible heat storage characteristics; It is explained that it is a nanotechnological material that can preserve the storage temperature of wine and olive oil by storing the ambient temperature in temperature rises and decreases, and that the bottom narrowing and tapering towards the bottom is a functional food packaging container with the ability to squeeze olive oil and wine residues here and to be a good liquid decantation tool.



Keywords
Amphora, Food Storage, Packaging, Sensible Heat Storage



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